MARINE INSURANCE IN NIGERIA: HOW TO PURCHASE ONE

Marine insurance is important because in the movement of cargoes from point of supplier to destination of import, certain loses could be incurred. Such loses could range from disappearance, fire damage, storage or handling damage, water damage or road damage, etc. it does not matter whether the movement is by sea, air road or rail, insurance companies are there for both import and export coverage. Marine insurance is generally grouped into 3; institute cargo clauses A, B, and C.

Let me give a brief overview of what each institute covers, then I shall focus on the cargo clause C which is the most commonly used, then I shall suggest the best insurance companies with many years of experience in cargo coverage.

Read Also: FORM M IN NIGERIA: HOW TO PROCESS AND OBTAIN IT

MARINE INSURANCE: INSTITUTE CARGO CLAUSE “A”

Clause A covers “all risks” with specific exclusions. Such exemptions are basically:

  • Purposeful misconduct
  • Delays of any kind
  • Trade haulage
  • Packaging errors
  • Nuclear risks
  • Default of owners
  • War risks
  • Non road or sea worthiness
  • Strike, riot or civil unrest

MARINE INSURANCE: INSTITUTE CARGO CLAUSE “B”

This covers only loss of or damage to the subject matter insured emanating from the understated – Otherwise called a named perils clause.

  • Fire and explosion
  • Vessel grounded, sunk or capsize
  • Overturning or derailment of land conveyance
  • Collision or contact of vessel, craft with any external object
  • Discharge at port of distress
  • Earthquake, volcano or lightning
  • Jettison and washing over board.
  • Entry of sea, lake or river water
  • Total loss of any package overboard during loading or unloading

MARINE INSURANCE: INSTITUTE CARGO CLAUSES “C”

This is where we shall demonstrate an example using a standard rate from one of our insurance companies. Institute cargo clause C basically covers the followings:

  • Fire and explosion
  • Vessel grounded, sunk or capsize
  • Overturning or derailment of land conveyance
  • Collision or contact of vessel, craft with any external object
  • Discharge at port of distress
  • Total loss of any package overboard during loading or unloading

Institute cargo clause ‘C’ does not cover partial losses but would only cover goods to be carried on total loss basis, this is the main difference between it and clauses A and B.

Some companies extend clauses A and B to include malicious damage, theft, pilferage, and no delivery based on agreed additional rates.

Read Also: IMPORTATION OF GOODS: NEW IMPORTER’S GUIDE

MARINE INSURANCE: PREMIUM FOR INSTITUTE CARGO CLAUSE C:

The premium paid to the insurance company for issuing marine certificate or insurance certificate to the importer is a function of the agreed premium rate. Each insurance company has its premium rate, which must be agreed with the importer.

Insurance Premium = [FOB + Freight + 10% (mark-up)]*Premium rate. No worry about this, an example will clarify the matter just keep reading.

Assuming an item of import has a total cost of 170,000EUR, and the transport from Europe to Apapa seaport is 7000, and assuming the AIICO Insurance Plc. is offering Insurance Premium Rate of 0.12%. What is the premium payable by the importer to AIICO Insurance Plc. under institute cargo clause C?

First of check what the exchange rate is (what is agreed), and convert to the Nigerian Currency. In this case the agreed rate is 361.06

FOB = 170000*361.06 = 61380200

Freight cost = 7000X361.06 = 2527420

INSURANCE PREMIUM[61380200+ 2527420+ 10% (mark-up)]*0.12%84,358.06
SUM INSURED[61380200+ 2527420+ 10% (mark-up)]70,298,382

IN CONCLUSION:

Institute cargo clause C as we have seen costs next to nothing, hence most importers choose to use it. Vagmon Integrated Services can help you negotiate best premium rate, and convince insurance companies to grant you access to a link where you print insurances at the comfort of your office and reserve a duplicate for the Insurance Company. This makes your clearing process easy with less human interface.

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