How to export goods from Nigeria to other countries? The Nigeria government is desirous of promoting foreign earnings through exports. Therefore, the government encourages businessmen and traders to come up with goods that meet international standards. Why is the government so interested in more exports than imports? Truth be told, the strength of a country’s currency is a direct function of its export power. So, the more you export, the stronger your economy.
Hence, this article for how to export goods from Nigeria to other countries is yet another piece of gift to my ardent readers. Thus, in this article, I will walk you through legal steps on how to export goods from Nigeria to other countries.
Why this article for how to export from Nigeria to other countries?
Many clearing and forwarding Agents are not so open with information relating to their business. Most Brokers fear that exposing such information to traders might mean no further business. On the contrary, we believe that dealing with an informed trader makes our business easier. Therefore, my reason for divulging this information to the public is summarized thus:
- To demystify how to exports from Nigeria to other countries
- Also, to inform willing traders
- Equally, to encourage exports from Nigeria.
HOW TO EXPORT GOODS FROM NIGERIA TO OTHER COUNTRIES
Let us now go straight to the reason why we are here. The following subheadings and paragraphs will show how to export goods from Nigeria to other countries in bullets. Kindly read through and feel free to contact us for further consultation.
RESEARCH AND GET YOUR MARKET
The first initial step to exportation is to first of all know the goods and who the buyer is. Of course, there wouldn’t be any export without an importer. The research work is not just to know who the buyer is, but also to know if there are specific export requirements in his country. In Nigeria for instance, the entity selling goods to a Nigeria importer has some statutory obligations to meet. The exporter to Nigeria is expected to courier export documents directly to the importer’s authorized dealer bank in Nigeria. So in summary, check with the buyer for the following:
- Specific export requirements in his country
- Are there some quality specification for the goods?
- Does he require some internally recognized standardization of your goods and factory?
- What documents does he need from you to clear goods on arrival?
- Again, what shipping method does he want you to adopt? Door to door shipping or door to port?
- Remember to have detailed and documented agreement.
HOW TO EXPORT GOODS FROM NIGERIA TO OTHER COUNTRIES: NIGERIA EXPORT PROMOTION COUNCIL
To qualify as an exporter, you have to first of all register with the Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC). The council will issue you with Exporter’s certificate upon successful registration. If you do not have Exporter’s certificate, we can always be of help to you. Contact us today.
For more information on Exporter’s certificate, read also: EXPORTATION LICENCE: GOODS FOR EXPORT
HOW TO EXPORT GOODS FROM NIGERIA: FORM NXP
Form NXP is an acronym for Nigerian Export Proceeds Form (NXP Form). Before the year 2019, Form NXP was obtained from the bank and processed manually. However, after the year 2019, CBN discontinued the manual processing of Form NXP. I will write a separate article for what is form NXP.
Read Also: FORMA, NXP FORM NIGERIA: HOW TO PROCESS
NIGERIAN EXPORT SUPERVISION SCHEME (NESS)
Nigerian Export Supervision Scheme (NESS) Administrative charge is 0.5% of export value for non-oil exports, and 0.15% for oil and gas exports. The Nigerian Export Supervision Scheme (NESS) Administrative charge is paid to the authorized dealer bank. Receipt of payment for NESS is used for export clearance with the Nigeria Customs Services.
PRE-SHIPMENT INSPECTION AGENCIES (PIAs); CLEAN CERTIFICATE OF INSPECTION – CCI
Exporters of non-oil goods are required to get such commodities inspected by independent Inspectors. The independent inspectors are called pre-shipment inspection agencies. Approved pre-shipment inspectors in Nigeria include Carmine Assayer Limited, Cobalt International Services, and Neroli Technologies. The exporter must be issued with Clean Certificate of Inspection (CCI) for their export to be approved.
FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT PIAs
Cobalt International Services is assigned to cover the following South Western part of Nigeria:
- The land borders in Idiroko, Imeko, IIlara Ijoun, Ohumba, IIlashe, Ijoffin and Seme.
- Also, it handles Tin-Can Apapa Port and Kiri-Kiri Lighter Terminal, KLT. For the North West.
Carmine Assayer Limited covers the following North Western part of Nigeria:
- Handles land borders in Iilela Kangiwa, Kamba, DoleKainua, SabonBirni and Maigatari.
- Equally, oversees trading activities in TuloTulo’a, Machina, Mallam Fatori, Doro Baga Wulgo, Gamboru, Sigael, Jilbe, Banki, Kirawa
- Finally, the International Airport Kaduna, Aminu Kano International Airport, Kano and Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja.
Neroli Technologies Limited takes care of the following regions:
- The entire South South
- South East.
Exporters must first, obtain a Request for Information (RFI) Form from the Inspection Agent to book for inspection. The form is to enable the inspection agent get in touch with the exporter. Therefore, the pre-inspection agent after receiving the completed form arranges inspection at goods location.
NIGERIA CUSTOMS SERVICE – NCS
The Exporter is required to collect and fill the single goods declaration form from Nigeria Customs Service. With all the above stated conditions met, the Nigeria Customs clears goods for export.
EXPORT PROCEEDS ACCOUNT
The exporter is required by policy to ensure the export proceeds are entered into an export proceeds Account. He is to do this on or before ninety days from the date of export. The purpose of this requirement is to make proof of export proceeds. Remember I told you in the first paragraph that economy of any country is tied to its export potentials. So, the government is interested in your business as an exporter. In fact, you are much more valued than the exporting merchandiser. So,
The following are documents required for exporting goods out of Nigeria.
- The proforma invoice
- Form NXP
- sales contract agreement between the exporter and the importer (if applicable)
- Registration Certificate with Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC)
- Quality assurance certificates
- Transportation documents like air waybill, bill of lading, or road waybill.
- Clean Certificate of Inspection (CCI)